Learning Italian Music Theory – Fugue Vs Lyric Suite
Music is the creative art of arranging musical sounds in harmony to create a melody through the factors of harmony, timing, rhythm, pitch, and melodic structure. It is one of the common, universal artistic aspects of all musical societies. The earliest use of music dates back to the earliest forms of human communication. Music, depending on the source, may have evolved from more abstract concepts to concrete instruments and processes of production. As communication and culture developed through time, music became more abstract, ultimately merging with other cultural practices such as dance, poetry, drama, heraldry, and spectacle.
There are three major types of music: classical, contemporary, and folk. Classical music often has a marked rhythmic and tonal quality, developed through repeated beats and scales. This type of music is often associated with classic literature, opera, or dramatic drama. Examples of such music include Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Handel, Haydn, Mozart, Vivaldi, Haydn, Elton John, and Sondheim. Contemporary music often uses repeating harmonies and polyrhythmic rhythms. Examples include Jazz, New Age, Noise, pop, and many others.
In the 20th century, jazz developed out of the natural progress of African and European music, merging it with European classical music through conscious imitation of Western music styles. Many popular songs were recorded and introduced into the pop music world, particularly the ones that featured prominent black and white musicians. Examples of these are Willy Wonka, Billie Jean, and Michael Jackson’s Thriller.
Ancient Greeks and Romans had a large influence on world music. Many scholars believe that ancient Greeks and Romans developed their own distinct genre of “folk” or “irrational” music that combines elements from several other genres. Folk music often relies on the melody and harmony rather than the rhythmic pulse. Its main characteristics are strong rhythm and melodic invention, which are different from the progression style.
Aristotle distinguished five elements for all musical works, giving each element its own distinct musical form. These elements are melody, texture, form, pitch, and rhythm. Aristotle argued that all these aspects should be equally important in any composition, with the exception of tone. He went as far as to say that the perfect work has a melody and a harmony that will strike a concord with the listeners. The perfect work, according to Aristotle, will satisfy all five elements, making it a “folk song.”
A fugue in music can be explained as a single piece that includes both an initial melody and an accompaniment. The melody may be continuous or discontinuous, depending upon the mood of the piece. A fugue may also have a climax and a release, similar to a minor melody in a major scale. For instance, in the Sonata for solo piano, the first phrase starts on a minor chord and leads to an upbeat chord change that eventually leads to the major melody. This example illustrates that the basic definition of a fugue, like the one we stated above, is a single, lengthy musical composition that contains no beginning or end but that contains a strong central theme that strongly urges the listener to follow it.